Turkmenistan is located in Central Asia, territory of the country is 488,100 square kilometers, of which approximately 80% is desert. The country is rich in oil and natural gas resources and cotton is its major agricultural product. The Amu-Darya river is the main source of water, running along the eastern border between Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Uzbekistan. Ashgabat is the capital of Turkmenistan located in the southern part of the country. Turkmenistan is divided into five administrative regions (velayats): Ahal, Balkan, Lebap, Mary and Dashoguz, each consisting of several districts (etraps). The main sea port of Turkmenistan is the city of Turkmenbashi on the Caspian Sea.
Despite its rich past history, Turkmenistan is a relatively young state. It declared its independence in October 1991 following disintegration of the former Soviet Union. In March 1992, Turkmenistan became a member of the United Nations (UN). On 12 December 1995 the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution on the status of permanent neutrality of Turkmenistan, which has become the guiding principle of Turkmenistan's foreign policy. Along with other ex-USSR republics, Turkmenistan joined the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in December 1991. Since 2005, Turkmenistan has been being as the “Associate Member” of the organization.
Since 2007, Turkmenistan has been implementing reforms in economic sectors and political areas. Turkmenistan adopted a new version of the Constitution in September 2016. Turkmenistan’s legislation is being reviewed in line with its international treaty obligations.
The glory of Turkmen carpets and Akhal-Teke horses spreads the whole world.
The most popular and world-famous Turkmen products are, of course, carpets. The magnificent, real Turkmen carpet bears in its patterns the memory of centuries. Regarding the history of the art of carpet weaving, each tribe had its own, special ornament and patterns (“gels”), the precepts of the legendary ancestor of the Turkmen Oguz Khan are woven into Turkmen carpets.
In the country, the oldest craft – handicraft carpet making is being developed. Great attention is paid to the development and promotion of the art of carpet weaving. At present, a wide network of carpet weaving enterprises is organized in all provinces of the country.